Sneezing runny nose

Sneezing runny nose

Sneezing, Runny nose are common allergy symptom.

Usually sneezing, runny nose and stuffy nose occur together. Though allergy is the major cause of sneezing and runny nose but few non allergic cause can also case this symptoms.

When an allergen enters into the body or come in contact with the body, it react with the already formed antibody leading to activation of mast cell and release of mast cell mediator including histamine, leukotrienes and others. This chemical mediators are responsible for symptoms of allergy.

Causes of sneezing, runny nose?

Substances that causes includes-

Other causes of sneezing, runny nose:

These include:

Sinus infection. Viral, bacterial and fungal.

Decongestant nasal spray overuse.

Nonallergic rhinitis.

Other symptoms of allergy include Symptoms of allergic rhinitis

  • Itchy nose
  • Stuffy nose
  • Coughing
  • Sore or scratchy throat
  • Watery eyes
  • Itchy eyes
  • Dark circles under the eyes
  • Frequent headaches
  • Extremely dry, itchy skin that can blister and weep
  • Hives
  • Fatigue

Treatment of Sneezing, runny nose due to allergy

  1. Antihistamines:Most common medicine used in mild to moderate allergic reaction.

Antihistamines include:

  • Fexofenadine
  • Levocetirizine
  • Cetirizine
  • Diphenhydramine
  • Desloratadine
  • Loratadine
  1. Decongestants:

Decongestant can be used to relieve a stuffy nose and sinus pressure. But decongestant can only be used for shorter time usually for three days.

Decongestants include:

  • Oxymetazoline
  • Pseudoephedrine
  • Phenylephrine
  • Cetirizine with pseudoephedrine.
  1. Eye drops and nasal sprays:

Eye drops and nasal sprays can help relieve itchiness and other allergy-related symptoms for a short time. However, depending on the product, you may need to avoid long-term use.

  1. Corticosteroids:Corticosteroids can help with inflammation and immune responses. These do not cause a rebound effect. Steroid nasal sprays are commonly recommended as a long-term, useful way to manage allergy symptoms. Nasal steroid medications are the most effective medications.
  2. Immunotherapy: Your doctor may recommend immunotherapy, or allergy shots if you have severe allergies. You can use this treatment plan in conjunction with medications to control your symptoms. These shots decrease your immune response to particular allergens over time. They do require a long-term commitment to a treatment plan.
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