Latex allergy

Latex allergy

Latex allergy can cause anaphylaxis

Latex allergy is a reaction to certain proteins found in natural rubber latex.  This natural latex is a milky fluid found in rubber trees. When our immune system recognizes natural latex as a harmful substance then it causes an allergic reaction.

Common Latex containing products

Common product include but not limited to

  • Dishwashing gloves
  • Balloons
  • Rubber toys
  • Bottle nipples and pacifiers
  • Rubber household gloves
  • Intravenous tubing
  • Condoms
  • Syringes
  • Surgical gloves & masks
  • Diaphragms
  • Blood pressure cuffs
  • Stethoscopes
  • Swim goggles
  • Syringes

Symptoms of Latex allergy

Latex can cause mild to moderate symptoms as well as anaphylaxis.  Latex paints do not contain any natural rubber latex protein.

  • Itching
  • Swollen lips
  • Sneezing or Runny nose
  • Skin rash
  • Hives
  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Cough
  • Respiratory difficulty
  • Wheezing and chest tightness


Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Hives or swelling
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Wheezing
  • Drop in blood pressure
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Confusion
  • Rapid or weak pulse

Latex allergy can occur in these ways:

  • Direct contact.The most common cause.
  • Here the latex particle when airborne, come in contact with the human body.

Prevention of Latex allergy

  • Avoid latex products.
  • Wear non latex gloves and mask
  • When you use a product check the labels to know whether it is latex free.
  • Consult with an allergist and make your action plan ready.


There is no cure for latex allergy.

People with severe reactions must avoid latex.

For mild to moderate allergic reaction – over-the-counter or prescription antihistamines.

For anaphylaxis-  Injector adrenaline/ epinephrine. If you already had anaphylaxis, you have to carry adrenaline autoinjector all the time.

Latex-Food Syndrome or Latex-Fruit Allergy.

Latex-Food Syndrome or Latex-Fruit Allergy is an allergic reaction where certain nuts and fruits cause an allergic reaction in a patient of latex allergy. This occurs due to the similarity in the protein found in this fruits and natural rubber latex.  Nuts and fruits that can cause this reaction include:

  • Banana
  • Apple
  • Carrot
  • Papaya
  • Chestnut
  • Tomatoes
  • Potatoes
  • Melons
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